More than thirty randomised control trials demonstrated that Tai Chi significantly improved a wide range of clinical parameters of chronic conditions including functional abilities, overall health and well-being and quality of life for chronic condition patients. 27 out of 32 randomized control trials were based on Yang Style Tai Chi, which is the style the Clinical Tai Chi for Rehabilitation and Management of Chronic Condition Program is based on.


Chan K, Qin L, Lau M, et al. A randomized, prospective study of the effects of tai chi chun exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.2004;85:717–22.  [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Chou KL, Lee PW, Yu EC, Macfarlane D, Cheng YH, Chan SS, Chi I: Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depressive disorders: a randomized clinical trial.Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2004, 19:1105-1107. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Dechamps A, Lafont L, Bourdel-Marchasson I: Effects of Tai Chi exercises on self-efficacy and psychological health.Eur Rev Aging Phys Act2007,4:25-32 [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Du ST, Xing B, Wang CX, et al. The effects of taijiquan practice on the BODE and SGRQ of COPD patients. Chin J Sports Med. 2013;32(5):403–407. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Du ST, Ding LM, Wang CX, et al. The effects taijiquan practice on exercise endurance and lung function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chin J Rehabil Med. 2013;28(4):374–476.  [Yang Style Tai Chi] 

Fransen M, Nairn L, Winstanley J, Lam P, Edmonds J: Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai Chi classes.Arthritis Rheum 2007, 57:407-414. 

Galantino ML, Shepard K, Krafft L, et al. The effect of group aerobic exercise and t’ai chi on functional outcomes and quality of life for persons living with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2005;11:1085–92 [Tai Chi Style Unspecified]

Hartman CA, Manos TM, Winter C, Hartman DM, Li B, Smith JC. Effects of T’ai chi training on function and quality of life indicators in older adults with osteoarthritis. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2000;48:1553–9. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Hung JW, Liou CW, Wang PW, Yeh SH, Lin LW, Lo SK, Tsai FM. Effect of 12-week tai chi chuan exercise on peripheral nerve modulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Nov; 41(11):924-9 [Cheng Style Tai Chi]

Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Oxman MN: Augmenting immune responses to varicella zoster virus in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi. J Am Geriatr Soc2007, 55:511-517. 

Jin P: Efficacy of Tai Chi, brisk walking, meditation, and reading in reducing mental and emotional stress. J Psychosom Res1992, 36:361-370. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Kutner NG, Barnhart H, Wolf SL, McNeely E, Xu T: Self-report benefits of Tai Chi practice by older adults.J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci1997, 52B:P242-246. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Li F, Harmer P, Fitzgerald K, Eckstrom E, Stock R, Galver J, Maddalozzo G, Batya SS: Tai chi and postural stability in patients with Parkinson’s disease. N Engl J Med 2012, 366:511–519. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Li Q, Fang WH, Liu C. The effect of taijiquan combined with respiratory exercise training on rehabilitation of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Chin J Rehabil Med.2012;27(9):825–828 [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Li F, Harmer P, McAuley E, Fisher KJ, Duncan TE, Duncan SC. Tai chi, self-efficacy, and physical function in the elderly. Prevention Science. 2001;2:229–39. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Mustian KM, Katula JA, Zhao H. A pilot study to assess the influence of tai chi chuan on functional capacity among breast cancer survivors.The Journal of Supportive Oncology.2006;4:139–45. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Sato S, Makita S, Uchida R, Ishihara S, Masuda M. Effect of Tai Chi training on baroreflex  sensitivity and heart rate variability in patients with coronary heart disease. Int  Heart J. 2010;51(4):238-241. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Shen C, Williams JS, Chyu M, et al. Comparison of the effects of tai chi and resistance training on bone metabolism in the elderly: A feasibility study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 2007;35:369–81. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Shu-Hui Yeh, Hau Chuang, Li-Wei Lin, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, et al  Tai Chi Chuan Exercise Decreases A1C Levels Along With Increase of Regulatory T-Cells and Decrease of Cytotoxic T-Cell Population in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Diabetes Care, 2007, 30: 716-718 [Style Unspecified]

Sprod, L.K, Janelsins, M.C, Paleshetal, O. G.,“Health-related quality of life and biomarkers in breast cancer survivors participating in tai chi chuan,” Journal of Cancer Survivorship,vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 146–154, 2012. [ Yang Style Tai Chi]

Taylor-Piliae RE, Coull BM: Community-based Yang-style Tai Chi is safe and feasible in chronic stroke: a pilot study. Clin Rehabil 2012, 26:121–131. [Yang Style Tai Chi ]

Taylor-Piliae RE, Hoke TM, Hepworth JT, Latt LD, Najafi B, Coull BM: Effect of Tai Chi on physical function, fall rates and quality of life among older stroke survivors. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2014, 95:816–824. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Thomas GN, Hong AWL, Tomlinson B, et al. Effects of tai chi and resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese subjects: a 12-month longitudinal, randomized, controlled, intervention study.Clin Endocrinol.2005;63:663–669 [Yang Style Tai Chi] 

Tsai JC, Wang WH, Chan P, et al. The beneficial effects of Tai Chi Chuan on blood pressure and lipid profile and anxiety status in a randomized controlled trial.J Altern Complement Med.2003;9:747–754. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Wei L, Liu HY. The effect of simplified Tai Chi on cardiovascular function in patients with heart failure [article in Chinese]. Chin J Clin Rehabil. 2003;7:1460-1461. [ Yang Style Tai Chi]

Woo J, Hong A, Lau E, Lynn H. A randomised controlled trial of tai chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people. Age & Ageing. 2007;36:262–8. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Yeh GY, Wayne PM, Phillips RS. Tai Chi exercise in patients with chronic heart failure. Med  Sport Sci. 2008;52:195-208. [ Yang Style Tai Chi]

Yeh GY, Wood MJ, Lorell BH, et al. Effects of tai chi mind-body movement therapy on functional status and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure: a randomized controlled trial.Am J Med.2004;117:541–548. [ Yang Style Tai Chi]

Yeh GY, Roberts DH, Wayne PM, Davis RB, Quilty MT, Phillips RS. Tai chi exercise for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pilot study.Respir Care.2010;55(11):1475–1482.[Yang Style Tai Chi] 

Young DR, Appel LJ, Lee SH. The effects of aerobic exercise and T'ai Chi on blood pressure in older people: results of a randomized trial.J Am Geriatr Soc.1999;47:277–284 [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Zhang LH, Wu JJ, Wang ZC. Effects of 24-form Tai Chi with respiratory rehabilitation training on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Acta Univ Tradit Med Sin Pharm Shanghai.2012;2(4):53–56. [Yang Style Tai Chi]

Zhang et al, Applying Tai Chi as a rehabilitation program for stroke patients in the recovery phase: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2014 15:484. [Yang Style Tai Chi] 

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